Cessna Model 402C airworthiness concern

Cessna Model 402C airworthiness concern

SPECIAL AIRWORTHINESS
    FAA
    Aviation Safety    INFORMATION BULLETIN
    SAIB:    CE-10-44
    SUBJ: Hydraulic Power – Indicating    Date:    August 9, 2010
    This is information only. Recommendations aren’t mandatory.
    Introduction
    This Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin alerts owners and operators of Cessna Model 402C
    airplanes of an airworthiness concern, specifically a reminder of the meaning of the “HYD PRESS”
    indication, and what may happen if this indication is not addressed.
    At this time, the airworthiness concern is not an unsafe condition that would warrant Airworthiness
    Directive (AD) action under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 39.
    Background
    Six minutes after takeoff from a busy airport, a pilot reported smoke in the cockpit and declared an
    emergency. The aircraft landed without incident and all passengers and crew deplaned successfully.
    Maintenance determined that the hydraulic pressure did not relieve due to the nose gear not fully
    retracting. The nose strut did not extend completely, which prevented the nose gear from going in the
    up and locked position. This caused the hydraulic system to remain pressurized, which caused the
    fluid to heat up enough to melt the hydraulic reservoir sight tube. The hot hydraulic fluid then spilled
    out into the nose baggage compartment, releasing fumes into the cockpit and causing the perceived
    smoke.
    The Model 402C uses a hydraulically actuated landing gear system. When the landing gear is locked
    Up or Down, the hydraulic fluid is continually circulated through the system by the engine driven
    hydraulic pumps at a nominal pressure up to 50 psi. When the gear is selected from one position to
    another, the pressure varies but can reach as high as 1750 psi. When the system is pressurized above
    150-175 psi, a pressure switch in the system activates an annunciator light (“HYD PRESS”). This
    light indicates that hydraulic pressure is flowing to the landing gear system. Any time the landing
    gear is in transit, the HYD PRESS annunciator should be illuminated.
    Although we were unable to verify this, the HYD PRESS light in the above incident should have
    been illuminated starting at the time when the pilot selected gear Up, and should have remained
    illuminated for an extended time because the nose gear did not fully retract.
    Cessna has since released temporary revisions (TRs) to the pilots operating handbook (POH) for this
    aircraft with the following information:
    1.    To make it easier for pilots to find the correct procedures, the procedures for “Hyd Pressure
    Light Illuminated After Gear Cycle” were moved from Landing Gear Emergency
    Procedures to Hydraulic System Emergency Procedures (this new section was created by
    the TR).
    2.    A Caution statement was added to the Amplified Procedures to emphasize that if the
    hydraulic system remains pressurized for an extended period of time, the sight tube could
    1

    rupture. (Previously, the POH stated without a Caution statement that damage to the system
    was possible).
    3.    The Emergency Procedures, both the Abbreviated and the Amplified procedures, for “Hyd
    Pressure Light Illuminated After Gear Cycle” were enclosed in a box, making them
    immediate action items that are to be committed to the pilot’s memory. This point is
    especially important because this issue is most likely to occur shortly after takeoff, when the
    pilot is busy. If this were to occur, the pilot should not have to look through the POH in an
    attempt to find the correct procedure to address the indication; the pilot should already
    understand the issue and know how to resolve it.
    Recommendations
    We recommend that pilots do the following:
    1.    Incorporate the TRs above into your POH; and
    2.    When the HYD PRESS light remains illuminated for an extended time (longer than the
    normal landing gear cycle time), complete the procedures for “Hyd Pressure Light Illuminated
    After Gear Cycle” that they previously committed to memory. Please see the TRs to the POH
    for these procedures. Delaying completion of the procedures could result in damage to the
    hydraulic system and smoke/vapors in the cockpit.
    For Further Information Contact
    Ann Johnson, Aerospace Engineer, 1801 Airport Rd., Wichita, KS 67209; phone: (316) 946-4105;
    fax: (316) 946-4107; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
    For Related Service Information Contact
    Cessna Aircraft Company, Product Support, PO Box 7706, Wichita, KS 67277; phone: (316) 517-
    5800; fax: (316) 517-7271.
    2

Dan Weiler
Executive Director of the Cessna Owner Organization
(715) 445-5000, ext. 116
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Daniel
Executive Director
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